예약금없는출장샵
  • 강원도안마방 영업시간
  • 대전출장안마
  • 천안출장샵
  • 김포구로디지털단지 마사지
  • 강원도출장맛사지⇦출장부르는법χ강원도장안동 안마방『강원도상봉동 안마방』↴〈강원도서울 출장 후기〉◢강원도천안 퇴폐✑강원도주안 안마방◈강원도경산 마사지┙강원도안마방 모닝콜☲강원도동대구 여관

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    서울출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    강원도출장맛사지◊예약ホ강원도장안동 안마방『강원도얼굴 림프 마사지』⇞〈강원도서혜부 마사지 란〉エ강원도tumblr 안마방⇋강원도세부 마사지 엑스트라◐강원도제주도 안마방 추천﹌강원도금촌 안마방┓강원도안마방 짜파게티

    The governments of more than 190 nations 양주범일동 안마방 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    강원도출장맛사지➶24시출장샵↕강원도장안동 안마방『강원도안마방 청소년』⇀〈강원도전립선 마사지 tumblr〉✦강원도한국 마사지 야동☼강원도지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성전용 마사지➻강원도정자 안마방β강원도남포동 안마방┢강원도심장 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    강원도출장맛사지☞예약금없는출장샵☃강원도장안동 안마방『강원도청도 마사지』ξ〈강원도국노 torrent〉⇈강원도강서구 안마방⇔강원도붕따우 마사지✲강원도안마방 옵션◎강원도종아리 마사지 기계◣강원도의정부 대딸방

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories cpod.xyz . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    강원도출장맛사지セ출장부르는법ア강원도장안동 안마방『강원도순천 타이 마사지』⊙〈강원도출장서비스〉◆강원도서울 출장 마사지➺강원도부산마사지◊강원도안마방 몰카 tumblr✍강원도출장샵안내☷강원도눈 마사지

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 장수동암 마사지 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    강원도출장맛사지⇍예약금없는출장샵♀강원도장안동 안마방『강원도비키니 마사지』◑〈강원도렉시벨 마사지〉◐강원도대구 모텔 촌►강원도안마방 스킬⇛강원도방이동 여관►강원도아로마 마사지➹강원도안마방 신고

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 목포출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    강원도출장맛사지강원도만수동 마사지

  • 남원안마방 욕
  • 강원도인도 뉴델리 마사지
  • 강원도출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    강원도출장맛사지☼예약☠강원도장안동 안마방『강원도태국 현지 마사지』➠〈강원도만남 카톡〉ε강원도한대앞 마사지↲강원도오창 마사지╌강원도우에하라 아이 마사지☜강원도만수동 마사지✄강원도안마방 대화

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 함평역삼 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 창원출장샵 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    바카라사이트
    고성섹스 마사지 서울출장안마 시흥안마방 잠
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 군산출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    강원도출장맛사지┲예약┇강원도장안동 안마방『강원도금호동 안마방』♬〈강원도간석오거리 안마방〉◘강원도출장태국마사지│강원도상추 안마방╪강원도태국 마사지 후기❈강원도사각근 마사지➷강원도대구 모텔 추천

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 상주안마방 서비스 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    강원도출장맛사지☟24시출장샵◕강원도장안동 안마방『강원도정자역 마사지』レ〈강원도울란바토르 마사지〉﹌강원도서울샵▼강원도안마방 어플▌강원도손목터널증후군 마사지χ강원도인덕원 마사지⇥강원도마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 대구출장샵 .

    밀양목욕탕 마사지
    의정부목포 여관 카지노사이트 합천안마방 휴게텔
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    강원도출장맛사지↙예약✍강원도장안동 안마방『강원도당진 마사지』⇜〈강원도출장샵후기〉☠강원도교대 마사지╇강원도부산 타이 마사지ス강원도av 마사지セ강원도창동역 마사지▷강원도양재역 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    강원도출장맛사지✕24시출장샵‿강원도장안동 안마방『강원도강서구 마사지』ღ〈강원도마사지 섹스〉♤강원도창녕 마사지⇩강원도홍대 안마방 위치♔강원도고시촌 안마방♪ 강원도동대문 마사지●강원도부부 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 전주출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 고성병점 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    강원도출장맛사지☼24시출장샵↔강원도장안동 안마방『강원도구리 모텔 추천』╮〈강원도부산대 안마방〉✄강원도안양 마사지¤강원도양산 안마방┱강원도출장마사지♠강원도건전 마사지╉강원도안마방 얼마

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    강원도출장맛사지┿출장부르는법╮강원도장안동 안마방『강원도안마방 한번싸면』◑〈강원도강서구청 마사지〉⇈강원도여관 녀◎강원도사타구니 마사지●강원도타이마사지♙강원도부산 여관 가격➽강원도마사지 야동

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 고령피부 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 카지노사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 온라인카지노 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 공주남편 안마방 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 군산출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    강원도출장맛사지∴출장부르는법☛강원도장안동 안마방『강원도포항 터미널 모텔』✌〈강원도태평역 안마방〉↮강원도잠실 마사지╠ 강원도중앙동 안마방╠ 강원도일본 마사지 품번⇥강원도엘프 마사지⇠강원도정자역 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 수원출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 군산출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and dkevent.xyz showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    강원도출장맛사지▒출장부르는법▄강원도장안동 안마방『강원도마사지 커뮤니티』◇〈강원도강릉 조건녀〉♙강원도안구 마사지◄강원도지저분한 색스 나고야 여성 전용 마사지♢강원도초대남 마사지╠ 강원도경마 시간♝강원도인계동 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    장성대구 출장마사지
    원주출장샵 고흥안마방 야동 구미출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    강원도출장맛사지┢출장부르는법♂강원도장안동 안마방『강원도마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ 뜻』➹〈강원도안마방 텀블러〉☻강원도보령 안마방➚강원도출장마사지 후기★강원도영통 마사지❈강원도여관 미시⇛강원도호치민 마사지 추천

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.강원도출장맛사지강원도신천 모텔 가격♩강원도광명시 안마방↔〈강원도조건 출장〉강원도19금 마사지◎강원도후쿠오카 마사지╗강원도저주파 마사지★강원도동대구역 모텔ν군산출장샵출장부르는법강원도서양 마사지 fc2↞강원도오류동 마사지η[강원도마사지 품번 추천]강원도세종시 마사지➢강원도마사지 핸플◘강원도젖몸살 마사지✿강원도군산 터미널 모텔➹강원도출장맛사지태안마사지 기획물강원도동두천 안마방☢강원도부산 모텔 추천♠『강원도마사지 레전드』강원도송탄 여관❥강원도계산동 안마방◥강원도대구 출장 마사지➽강원도상무지구 안마방✕강원도여자 모텔▼강원도방콕 마사지 추천❁<강원도귀 마사지>강원도만짜이 마사지╝강원도당동 안마방↲강원도안마방 순서╎강원도안마방 실장┿강원도유부녀 마사지╟강원도콜걸↱{강원도대전 안마방 추천}강원도위례 마사지β강원도얼굴 림프 마사지╜강원도일산 안마방 가격❦강원도다방 티켓 썰┵강원도서혜부 마사지∴강원도안마방 사까시╖(강원도안마방 발기)강원도안마방 촬영↶강원도포항 터미널 모텔▷강원도강남역 마사지┨강원도안마방 강남┯예약청도여성 마사지 후기출장부르는법강원도양평 마사지➽강원도대만 안마방➻[강원도일산 타이 마사지]강원도인천 안마방 후기ホ강원도성인마사지☂강원도오송 마사지♫강원도출장마사지샵╛강원도출장맛사지강원도출장맛사지목포출장샵강원도카톡 출장강원도서양 안마방강원도전주 여관강원도심천 마사지강원도출장맛사지강원도일본 마사지 야동┱강원도진주 가격❤﹝강원도응암동 마사지﹞강원도전립선 마사지 후기♀ 강원도성대 마사지➨강원도목동 안마방╝강원도연수구 안마방◁진주마사지 영상

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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