출장부르는법
  • 영덕마사지 야설
  • 온라인카지노
  • 부산출장안마
  • 정읍운서동 안마방
  • 영덕콜걸✖예약☠영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕멜라니}┠〈영덕오류동 마사지〉レ영덕러시아 마사지♐영덕안마방 모닝콜☇영덕남성전용 마사지♠영덕태국 마사지 후기✕영덕안마방 똥꼬

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    포항출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    영덕콜걸[출장부르는법↜영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕여친 마사지}β〈영덕건전 마사지〉⇉영덕여성 전용 아로마 마사지⇘영덕태국 에스코트☰영덕해운대 안마방❥영덕말레이시아 마사지オ영덕안마방 레베카

    The governments of more than 190 nations 전주jav 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    영덕콜걸♛예약☂영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕러시아 오피 후기}♥〈영덕상주 안마방〉⇞영덕얼굴 림프 마사지♜영덕강남 안마방 서비스➴영덕천안 안마↨영덕안마방 몰카 tumblr☆영덕하남 안마방

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    영덕콜걸☐예약금없는출장샵█영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕철산 안마방}╊〈영덕신림 모텔〉φ영덕마사지 근육➵영덕태국 아로마 마사지♮영덕거제 안마방 추천⊙영덕마사지나라☼영덕타이 마사지 토렌트

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 대구출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    영덕콜걸☻예약금없는출장샵↤영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕동인천 마사지}⇡〈영덕전주 타이 마사지〉╌영덕흥출장안마┊영덕거제 옥포 안마방♐영덕쿠알라룸푸르 마사지╎영덕칠곡 안마방エ영덕아로마 마사지 후기

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 의령수유역 마사지 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    영덕콜걸➹출장부르는법♐영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕콜 걸}♠〈영덕안마방 에이스 토렌트〉ソ영덕팔 마사지←영덕겨드랑이 마사지ナ영덕마사지 가격θ영덕안마방 입에 사정⇢영덕천안 오피스

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 전주출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    영덕콜걸영덕마사지 사진

  • 예천군산 마사지
  • 영덕부평 안마방
  • 영덕콜걸
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    영덕콜걸▶예약☳영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕서울 출장 마사지}║〈영덕거제도 안마방〉➶영덕별내 마사지φ영덕뒷목 마사지☆영덕안마방 성병➷영덕서울 출장 후기ヘ영덕사가정 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 양구모텔출장마사지샵 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 진주출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    포항출장샵
    밀양태국 마사지 종류 카지노사이트 신안부평 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 바카라사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    영덕콜걸ナ예약キ영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕러시아 오피 후기}☟〈영덕군산 안마방〉△영덕대전 모텔 추천ζ영덕조건 만남0영덕서울 안마방└영덕오피 안마방⇏영덕국노 토렌트

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 영월안마방 처음 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    영덕콜걸▀출장부르는법♙영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕여의도 마사지}セ〈영덕베트남 마사지〉δ영덕림프선 마사지◊영덕왕십리 안마방▒영덕서울 안마방↕영덕뱃살 마사지ワ영덕요괴 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    전주해수욕장 마사지 토렌트
    김포여관 녀 진주출장샵 광주안마방 가는법
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    영덕콜걸☆24시출장샵↺영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕코코넛오일 마사지}♝〈영덕안마방 경험〉┫영덕동대구역 모텔╫영덕여성 마사지☞영덕출장걸➸영덕신도림 마사지▧ 영덕안마방 초이스 토렌트

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 창원출장안마 .

    영덕콜걸エ출장부르는법♂영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕송파 안마방}[〈영덕흑인 마사지〉♐영덕마사지 볼▬영덕콜걸만남◐영덕구글 재펜┡영덕서귀포 안마방✚영덕타이 마사지 서비스

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 부산출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 울산사당 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    영덕콜걸⊿예약ト영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕수안보 마사지}╡〈영덕태국마사지 가격〉┯영덕안마방 러시아.영덕마사지 크림☶영덕고딩 마사지♀ 영덕서울대입구 마사지↠영덕출장만족보장

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    영덕콜걸➳출장부르는법☜영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕여인숙 여자}┫〈영덕시각장애인 마사지〉╔영덕마사지 오일☀영덕서산 마사지⇦영덕라페 안마방κ영덕삼산동 마사지◀영덕대구 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 철원안마방 알바 단속 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 서울출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 목포출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 서울 사북 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 구미출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    영덕콜걸┷출장부르는법✄영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕마사지 품번 추천}✖〈영덕대구 안마방 후기〉✪영덕경성대 마사지ア영덕fc2 일본 마사지┚영덕호이안 마사지↩영덕국산 안마방 몰카¤영덕아프리카 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 온라인카지노 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 창원출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 온라인카지노 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    영덕콜걸☈예약♡영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕장유 마사지}☈〈영덕화성시 안마방〉♟영덕경산 마사지0영덕옆광대 마사지➦영덕제기동 안마방╆영덕모텔 티켓✲영덕쿠알라룸푸르 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    횡성충북혁신도시 마사지
    온라인카지노 서귀포낙성대 안마방 온라인카지노
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    영덕콜걸♡예약금없는출장샵┃영덕포르치오 마사지{영덕안마방 sex}☏〈영덕안마방 대딸〉ヘ영덕구디 안마방┠영덕안마방 무한샷↸영덕타이 마사지⇣영덕오사카 마사지♥영덕다낭 에덴 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.영덕콜걸영덕새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트┿영덕천안 조건☄〈영덕예약〉영덕안마방 유출モ영덕일본 가슴 마사지◘영덕서초 마사지⇋영덕화곡동 안마방⇁카지노사이트24시출장샵영덕마사지 성추행モ영덕족저근막염 마사지チ(영덕칠곡3지구 마사지)영덕잠실 안마방▷영덕부산 해운대 출장☻영덕심천 마사지▣영덕마사지 모음◈영덕콜걸대구상해 마사지영덕호치민 호텔 마사지✉영덕엘프 마사지╇〔영덕야동 마사지〕영덕동대문 마사지↬영덕다리 마사지 기계╎영덕거제 옥포 안마방▼영덕세부 마사지☏영덕모유 마사지♚영덕마사지나라❉〔영덕러브젤 마사지〕영덕마곡 마사지↔영덕아산 마사지┲영덕역곡 마사지╚영덕중국전통마사지 팁☲영덕강릉 조건녀➳영덕강남 타이마사지❖「영덕거제 안마방」영덕안마방 오르가즘☪영덕검단사거리 안마방☀영덕계산택지 안마방♕영덕강남 안마방 내상┚영덕유성 안마방☯영덕마사지 초대☻(영덕50m)영덕화곡동 안마방⊕영덕호텔 걸✡영덕선입금 출장↺영덕미금역 마사지◁24시출장샵진안송탄 여관출장부르는법영덕안마방 부산☠영덕영주 마사지➳﹝영덕대구 출장 마사지﹞영덕부산역 모텔 가격»영덕마사지 도구⇩영덕태국 현지 마사지⇀영덕미금 안마방♨영덕콜걸영덕콜걸카지노사이트영덕정준하 마사지영덕중앙동 안마방영덕육덕 마사지영덕두피 마사지영덕콜걸영덕대구 모텔 추천テ영덕판상근 마사지♨《영덕성남 안마방》영덕모텔 콜♛영덕마사지 썰┰영덕발 마사지☚ 영덕호텔식 마사지✥강원도인천공항 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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