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  • 오산콜걸┷예약금없는출장샵⇛오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산대전 모텔 다방〗ヘ《오산콜걸업소》►오산여관 콜⇜오산경주 안마방☀오산부산 안마방 추천◎오산레즈 안마방▷오산타이마사지 불법

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    전주출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    오산콜걸○24시출장샵┆오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산당진 안마방〗┊《오산변비 마사지》▌오산출장대행╳오산병점 안마방ル오산안마방 어디까지▣오산동대구역 여관♂오산홍방장 안마방

    The governments of more than 190 nations 양양덕천 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    오산콜걸◇24시출장샵♭오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산오피걸〗▷《오산군포 마사지》☠오산중국 대딸♘오산출장샵안내¤오산민락동 마사지✉오산대딸방カ오산스웨디시 마사지 후기

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    오산콜걸☏출장부르는법»오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산피로회복을 위한 건강 마사지〗▷《오산토렌트 안마방》╍오산마사지 초대남♫오산오목교 안마방♂오산gigi rivera 마사지↕오산마사지 수면⚘오산마사지 중독

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 부산출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    오산콜걸√출장부르는법⇜오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산안마방 움짤〗➺《오산서울 안마방 추천》☼오산안마방 역립♯오산봉담 마사지♨오산오일 마사지⇆오산안마방 출근부ネ오산안마

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 군산여성 마사지 후기 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    오산콜걸ξ예약☆오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산금정역 안마방〗φ《오산안마》⇞오산마사지 크림❄오산엉덩이 마사지ハ오산출장샵추천╏오산송도 마사지╗오산누들누 드

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 부산출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    오산콜걸오산안마방 벌금

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    오산콜걸☰24시출장샵⇡오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산마사지 교육〗シ《오산가슴커지는 마사지》╄오산영종도 안마방▀오산텔레그램 야동⚘오산팔자주름 마사지↷오산마사지 ㅁㅎㅎU오산주안 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 부산아침 안마방 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 온라인카지노 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    창원출장샵
    포항봉천 안마방 카지노사이트 포항부천역 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 카지노사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    오산콜걸┸24시출장샵θ오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산역삼 안마방〗☊《오산세종시 마사지》◎오산마사지 노출α오산포항 안마방◙오산안마방 nf 뜻┏오산부산 서면 모텔ナ오산일본 성인 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 전주여자 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    오산콜걸►출장부르는법☷오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산행신 안마방〗✿《오산산남동 마사지》♫오산가락시장 마사지❈오산신흥 안마방▥오산안마방 스킬ウ오산마사지 간판구분♠오산op

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    창원태국마사지 불법
    경상남도거제 안마방 lovedonggu.xyz 영월모텔 티켓
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    오산콜걸⇗24시출장샵✿오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산일산 안마방 가격〗◎《오산중국 대딸》♗오산마사지 몰카ユ오산긴장성 두통 마사지╜오산등 마사지⇜오산마사지 사이트➴오산잠실 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. loveyangju.xyz .

    오산콜걸☀예약금없는출장샵♛오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산안마사〗✙《오산화곡 마사지》☭오산호치민 안마방↷오산천안 조건 만남☻오산구리 안마방↺오산등 마사지 방법☝오산강아지 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 대구출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 아산시흥 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    오산콜걸ρ출장부르는법╰오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산출장가격〗㍿《오산칠곡 마사지》╙오산갓비비 마사지↞오산부산 마사지╎오산안양1번가 마사지➽오산목포 안마방↸오산전북 안마방

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    오산콜걸✘출장부르는법☠오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산이천 안마방〗↷《오산코코넛 오일 두피 마사지》║오산면목동 안마방ⓛ오산마포 마사지☑오산성남 안마방⇣오산안마방 서비스┽오산일본야동 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 진안안마방 마무리 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 카지노사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 온라인카지노 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 예천천안 유흥 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that econo-edu.xyz . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    오산콜걸▪출장부르는법♀오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산스웨 디시 마사지 란〗ο《오산박시연 마사지》╤오산마사지 종류➚오산50대 안마방↽오산마사지 대딸↿오산마사지 카운터 알바♪ 오산화성 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 카지노사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 대전출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and wgma.xyz showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    오산콜걸♧예약┑오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산안마방 오르가즘〗☣《오산진영 안마방》☺오산소라넷 안마방▶오산여성 전용 아로마 마사지↭오산op◢오산철구 마사지╞오산경주 동천동 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    안산안마방 단속 일베
    bitsnoop.xyz 김천조건 만남 카톡 대전출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    오산콜걸┏출장부르는법◇오산부산 안마방 가격〖오산구로 마사지〗♕《오산상해 마사지》⇣오산안마방 첫경험☁오산허벅지 마사지♨오산자궁 마사지⇖오산두통 마사지✿오산안산 줄리엣 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.오산콜걸오산스웨디시 마사지 단점웃오산테크노폴리스 마사지←《오산엘림 마사지》오산종아리 마사지 기계➸오산마사지 강간❈오산일본 성인 마사지☢오산고양이 안마방ノjasulloc.xyz출장부르는법오산호텔 걸◁오산부산 안마방 추천╩《오산울산 삼산 안마방》오산안마방 출장]오산출장외국인⇤오산안마방 에이즈✿오산계룡시 안마방カ오산콜걸양구안마방 porn오산화성시 안마방↤오산비 안마방♀ ‹오산마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ›오산김해 출장 샵│오산울산 삼산 안마방✓오산실제 일본 안마방┾오산동탄 마사지 후기.오산광진구 안마방╆오산별내 마사지◕〔오산하드코어 안마방〕오산안마방 무한┷오산언양 마사지↔오산콧대 높이는 마사지☻오산제주도 안마방☁오산안마방 얼마⇞오산정자역 안마방❂【오산답십리 마사지】오산누루 마사지↺오산라오스 마사지╝오산광주 여관シ오산안와상융기 마사지♬오산안마방 태국녀♂오산향남 안마방⇩〔오산셀프 어깨 마사지〕오산부산 모텔 출장♩오산동대구역 근처 모텔ⓥ오산현풍 안마방♨오산전기 마사지♀출장부르는법경주세븐 상추 안마방예약오산마사지 트위터◑오산다낭 마사지☾﹝오산전주 타이 마사지﹞오산어깨통증 마사지サ오산부산 연산동 안마방◎오산pornhub 안마방╁오산카오산로드 마사지⇘오산콜걸오산콜걸온라인카지노오산연수동 마사지오산대구 모텔 가격오산고딩 안마방오산마석 안마방오산콜걸오산신포동 마사지レ오산출장몸매최고►〈오산해변 마사지〉오산철산 안마방↠오산전립선 마사지↝오산포항 모텔 추천×오산마사지 받다가┃대전안마방 몰카 유출~ 대화 대박임

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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