예약금없는출장샵
  • 강진제주 연동 마사지
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  • 강진출장안마⇘예약금없는출장샵»강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진안마방 성병》┧﹝강진림프절 마사지﹞▬강진엑소 안마방☠강진마사지 도구☟강진정왕역 안마방↧강진신천 마사지┳강진국 노

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    제주출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    강진출장안마チ출장부르는법▧강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진선릉역 안마방》⊙﹝강진제주도 안마방 추천﹞웃강진커플 마사지 tumblr┎강진천호 안마방→강진하노이 vip 마사지☶강진안마방 단속┡강진주안 여관

    The governments of more than 190 nations 광명진해 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    강진출장안마♥출장부르는법☼강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진콜걸》╮﹝강진무릎 마사지﹞テ강진모텔↼강진모텔 아가씨☜강진동대구 여관♥강진수원 마사지 추천➴강진남성전용마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    강진출장안마○24시출장샵♩강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진인천 출장 마사지》 ﹝강진일산 마사지﹞⇛강진광양 마사지♥강진덕계 마사지ρ강진일산 타이 마사지ェ강진산본 마사지➺강진삼성역 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 카지노사이트 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    강진출장안마”예약금없는출장샵☎강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진안마방 아이돌》╇﹝강진새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트﹞┉강진안마방 동영상♟강진마사지 porn╋강진이태원 안마방ヒ강진영종도 안마방★강진마사지 레전드 품번

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 양구행신 안마방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    강진출장안마▶출장부르는법➴강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진경주 동천동 안마방》╅﹝강진송파 마사지﹞⇃강진선릉역 안마방╠ 강진안마방 밥┙강진안마방 애무➸강진타이마사지 팁↞강진안마방 몰카

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 원주출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    강진출장안마강진두피 마사지

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    강진출장안마▤예약금없는출장샵ξ강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진장 마사지》☠﹝강진출장몸매최고﹞⊙강진인도 뉴델리 마사지◤강진육덕 마사지↡강진안마방 강남↷강진마사지방┡강진무한샷 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 김천커플 마사지 tumblr . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 카지노사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

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    구리창녕 마사지 온라인카지노.xyz 제주도근육통 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 온라인카지노 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    강진출장안마☠24시출장샵➻강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진마사지 움짤》☵﹝강진강남 안마방 위치﹞✡강진천안 대딸방♟강진안마방 반말─강진평택 여관☎강진출장마사지 후기━강진천안 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 구리부평 마사지 샵 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    강진출장안마▷출장부르는법⇙강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진건식 마사지》W﹝강진가평 안마방﹞⇢강진수원역 마사지☈강진마사지 레전드 품번➡강진안마방 의자┼강진해외 안마방✄강진나주 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the loveganghwa.xyz .

    화순fc 마사지
    경산서혜부 마사지 효능 창원출장안마 임실콜걸강추
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    강진출장안마☟예약금없는출장샵♖강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진여자친구 마사지》リ﹝강진마사지 기획물﹞☞강진성감대 마사지➶강진오산 타이 마사지┑강진마사지 모음◊강진천호동 마사지☴강진포승읍 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    강진출장안마∴24시출장샵ツ강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진당진 마사지》╬﹝강진에이미 av﹞◐강진압구정 마사지☯강진마누라 마사지☋강진타이 마사지 토렌트☇강진해외 안마방◐강진구의 안마방

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And dhc2016.xyz .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 칠곡흉쇄유돌근 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    강진출장안마▄24시출장샵☊강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진구로디지털단지 안마방》☆﹝강진마사지 사정﹞╨강진러브어게인 만남◁강진동대문 안마방◐강진출장소이스홍성ツ강진필리핀 마사지☺강진사당 안마방

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    강진출장안마♩출장부르는법☼강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진위례 마사지》⇪﹝강진안마방 중독﹞☢강진경산 마사지♧강진일본 마사지 토렌트♨강진용원 안마방⇇강진안양역 안마방☽강진예약

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 동인천동출장마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The econo-edu.xyz , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 천안동두천 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 서울출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    강진출장안마❖예약ル강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진안마방 코스》×﹝강진마사지 받다가﹞┙강진안마방╛강진손목터널증후군 마사지♯강진스웨디시 마사지 후기↶강진모텔 전화↽강진티켓 썰

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 대구출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 카지노사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 카지노사이트 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    강진출장안마×출장부르는법✓강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진박시연 마사지》↱﹝강진화곡 마사지﹞◕강진광대 축소 마사지ψ강진fc2 남친 마사지θ강진출장 모텔0강진마사지 gif♦강진파주 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    사천남편 마사지
    군산출장샵 충주안마방 초이스 천안출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    강진출장안마┨출장부르는법⇃강진아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지《강진안마방 분수》╅﹝강진출장미인아가씨﹞▪강진만짜이 마사지囍강진안마방 카운터⇀강진울산 삼산동 안마방オ강진칠곡3지구 마사지♤강진여인숙 가격

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.강진출장안마강진해운대 아가씨☣강진마석 안마방☈﹝강진천안 안마방﹞강진호텔 출장☃강진전지역출장마사지샵→강진여주 안마방➥강진여성 마사지✍카지노사이트예약강진시화 안마방§강진마사지 근육リ『강진부산 하단 출장』강진모란 마사지☞강진하단 마사지☁강진대구 마사지↔강진마사지 av♚강진출장안마동해호치민 리버티 마사지 가격강진야탑 안마방λ강진타이 아로마 마사지◘〖강진요괴 마사지〗강진소프 마사지═강진비엔티엔 마사지╟강진안마방 실사➛강진마사지 1위 작품┲강진일본 마사지 토렌트♠강진니시미야 코노미 마사지↢<강진정왕역 안마방>강진대구 사우나 마사지⇪강진단양 안마방↔강진구미 모텔♨강진안마방 나무위키┣강진다낭 마사지⊙강진하마사키 마오 마사지⇇{강진흑인 마사지}강진안마방 몰카➛강진여대생 마사지₪강진시흥 마사지☃강진발리 마사지╗강진안마방 투샷 가격✄강진자궁 마사지ラ‹강진동해 안마방›강진냥이 마사지♬강진칠곡 마사지▪강진섹스 마사지ⓛ강진전기 마사지┡예약보성태국 마사지 가격예약강진마사지 트위터☺강진오류동 마사지➛『강진영대 안마방』강진중국식 마사지↠강진여대생 마사지₪강진안마방 미러チ강진안마방 다녀온♥강진출장안마강진출장안마천안출장안마강진막탄 마사지강진누들누 드강진혼자 안마방강진동작구 안마방강진출장안마강진마사지 av⇖강진의정부 안마방 추천⇐[강진만남 방]강진출장 사기✓강진베트남 안마방➚강진스웨 디시 마사지 란♟강진요괴 마사지┨홍천얼굴 경락 마사지 방법

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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